Hawthorn Berry is from the rosaceae family, and is common throughout England in hedgerows, woodland and scrub, on all but the poorest soils.
Chemical constituents in Hawthorn include Vitamin C, flavonoids (quercitin, quercitrin), glycosides, proanthocyandins, anthocyanidins, tannins, saponins and cratetegin.
Today, hawthorn is used in many forms as a tea, tincture, capsules, paste, and syrup.
It is used mostly for cardiovascular conditions and the effects are believed to be the result of the flavonoids in hawthorn, which are thought to have the ability to increase the integrity of the blood vessel wall, improve coronary blood flow and circulation by decreasing arterial resistance, and increase oxygen utilisation. Research also suggests there may be a beneficial effect on blood lipids.
Hawthorn has also been shown to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and mild astringent effects, and can be used to strengthen joint lining, collagen and spinal discs.